Research journal #4

Goldberg, Daniel S. “Mild Traumatic Brain Injury, the National Football League, and the Manufacture of Doubt: An Ethical, Legal, and Historical Analysis.” Journal of Legal Medicine, vol. 34, no. 2, Apr-Jun2013, pp. 157-191. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/01947648.2013.800792. The NFL has taken on hundreds of lawsuits and even petitions regarding head injuries and protection of the head. This scholarly article describes the legal side of concussions in the national football league. First this article describes how it effects NFL players and even younger football players. The discussion branches off into discussing statistics proving, “…the risks of brain disease and/or brain injury in general are unequally distributed in the American population.” Football players are much more likely to experience brain disease or brain injury. Later it even specifies African Americans are more likely to encounter a head injury in football rather than a Caucasian. “If this is so, it follows that the more members of a given population play football, the more likely they are to experience football-related mTBI.” mTBI is defined as a minor traumatic brain injury. Lastly the conclusion states an astonishing statistic that explains neurodegenerative (resulting in or characterized by degeneration of the nervous system, especially the neurons in the brain.) morality is three times higher in football players than the normal population.